Jewellery (or jewelry in American English) refers to ornamental devices that people wear, and which are usually made from precious metals which can have gems added. Costume jewellery is made from less valuable materials. However, jewellery can and has been made out of almost every kind of material. Typical examples include bracelets, rings, necklaces, and earrings. It can also include the less popular items like hair ornaments or body piercing jewellery. If the jewellery is made with precious materials, then it is usually classed as being valuable and desirable.
Of course you can also use expensive and collectable jewellery as a means of storing large amounts of wealth. Jewellery can also be symbolic: for example , married couples wearing wedding rings.
And what can be more appropriate in expressing this love and, of course, symbolising the wedding than a diamond? Four characteristics are used to grade diamonds : these are the 4 C’s : cut, carat (weight), clarity, and colour. All four of these properties determine how much a diamond is worth.
What are the proportions of the diamond? Round brilliant diamonds are usually cut with 58 facets. The better proportioned these facets, the more light will be reflected back from the diamond to the viewer’s eye. This is something that is very important. When cut properly, the diamond will sparkle more. The cut also refers to the shape of the cut such as: round, oval, and pear.
What size is the diamond? A larger diamond will often be more per carat due purely to its size. There are 100 points to a carat. Hence a 50 point diamond is 1/2 a carat. (There are 5 carats in a gram.)
How clear is the stone? Clarity ranges from flawless (perfect) to I (included). Here is a summary:
Diamond colours generally range from D – X for white and yellow diamonds. D is the whitest. Around S they become “Fancy” yellow Diamonds. Diamonds that have inclusions are sometimes filled with glass to make them appear clearer. An inclusion is an internal imperfection in the diamond. Filling the diamond does not repair the inclusion, but just makes it less visible.
Finally, once you have that precious stone, you need to take care of it. Diamonds are often thought to be unshatterable. Unfortunately, this is not the case. The toughness is good compared to other gemstones, but nevertheless they would shatter if you hit them hard with a hammer (not that we are encouraging you to try and check this out). On Moths scale of hardness they score the highest figure of 10.
So store a diamond separately from other jewellery as a diamond could scratch other jewellery, as they are the hardest of materials. This is not to be confused with strength. So a diamond could scratch a softer material but might not be as strong..
Cleaning: The best method for cleaning is to a jeweller’s polishing cloth.